The SC16C554/554D is a 4-channel Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (QUART) used for serial data communications. Its principal function is to convert parallel data into serial data and vice versa. The UART can handle serial data rates up to 5 Mbit/s. It comes with an Intel or Motorola interface.
The SC16C554/554D is pin compatible with the ST16C554 and TL16C554 and it will power-up to be functionally equivalent to the 16C454. Programming of control registers enables the added features of the SC16C554/554D. Some of these added features are the 16-byte receive and transmit FIFOs, automatic hardware or software flow control and Infrared encoding/decoding. The selectable auto-flow control feature significantly reduces software overload and increases system efficiency while in FIFO mode by automatically controlling serial data flow using RTS output and CTS input signals. The SC16C554/554D also provides DMA mode data transfers through FIFO trigger levels and the TXRDY and RXRDY signals. On-board status registers provide the user with error indications, operational status, and modem interface control. System interrupts may be tailored to meet user requirements. An internal loop-back capability allows on-board diagnostics.
The SC16C554/554D operates at 5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V, and the industrial temperature range, and is available in plastic PLCC68, LQFP64, and LQFP80 packages.